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Laboratory engineer

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Markus Kalle Henrik Malo

Post-doctoral researcher

Personal information

  • Phone: +358 40 355 2996
  • Room: ME332
  • Email: markus.malo [at] (please fix the address before mailing!)

  • Year of birth: 1982

  • Current research interests: Ultrasound research, calcified and cartilage tissue, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis diagnosis.

  • Education:
    • Ph.D. University of Eastern Finland, Department of Applied Physics 2014. Thesis title: Quantitative Characterization of Proximal Femur Using Pulse-Echo Ultrasound Measurements.
    • M.Sc. (Tech.) University of Oulu, Applied Electronics 2010. Thesis title: Numerical Analysis of Uncertainties in Dual Frequency Ultrasound Technique.
    • National Doctoral Programme of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Biomaterials 2009.
    • Graduate of Finnish Upper Secondary School, Kuopion Klassillinen lukio, 2001.

  • Language proficiency:
    • Finnish, native language
    • English, fluent
    • Swedish, good

  • Skills: Ultrasound, Acoustic microscopy, Signal processing, Image processing, Finite difference simulations, Computed tomography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Tissue processing, Numerical computing and statistics, Laboratory technology, Budgeting, Personnel management, Project management, Matlab.

  • Hobbies: Construction/handcrafts, Pointing dogs and hunting (irish setter), Sports (cross-country skiing etc.)


(full papers)

  1. Afara IO, ORCID:, Florea C, Olumegbon IA, Eneh CT, Malo MKH, ORCID:, Korhonen RK and Toyras J. Characterizing human subchondral bone properties using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Sci Rep. 2018 Jun 27;8(1):9733. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27786-3.

  2. Ojanen X, Tanska P, Malo MKH, Isaksson H, Vaananen SP, Koistinen AP, Grassi L, Magnusson SP, Ribel-Madsen SM, Korhonen RK, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Tissue viscoelasticity is related to tissue composition but may not fully predict the apparent-level viscoelasticity in human trabecular bone - An experimental and finite element study. J Biomech. 2017 Dec 8;65:96-105. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2017.10.002. Epub 2017

  3. Tong X, ORCID:, Malo MKH, Burton IS, Jurvelin JS, Isaksson H and Kroger H. Histomorphometric and osteocytic characteristics of cortical bone in male subtrochanteric femoral shaft. J Anat. 2017 Nov;231(5):708-717. doi: 10.1111/joa.12670. Epub 2017 Aug 7.

  4. Lasanen R, Malo MKH, ORCID:, Airaksinen O, Karhu J, Toyras J, ORCID:, Julkunen P and ORCID: Infrared thermography reveals effect of working posture on skin temperature in office workers. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2018 Sep;24(3):457-463. doi:

  5. Rohrbach D, Inkinen SI, Zatloukalova J, Kadow-Romacker A, Joukainen A, Malo MK, Mamou J, Toyras J and Raum K. Regular chondrocyte spacing is a potential cause for coherent ultrasound backscatter in human articular cartilage. J Acoust Soc Am. 2017 May;141(5):3105. doi: 10.1121/1.4979339.

  6. Eneh CT, Afara IO, Malo MK, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Porosity predicted from ultrasound backscatter using multivariate analysis can improve accuracy of cortical bone thickness assessment. J Acoust Soc Am. 2017 Jan;141(1):575. doi: 10.1121/1.4973572.

  7. Ojanen X, Toyras J, Inkinen SI, Malo MK, Isaksson H and Jurvelin JS. Differences in acoustic impedance of fresh and embedded human trabecular bone samples-Scanning acoustic microscopy and numerical evaluation. J Acoust Soc Am. 2016 Sep;140(3):1931. doi: 10.1121/1.4962347.

  8. Inkinen SI, Liukkonen J, Malo MK, Viren T, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Finite difference time domain model of ultrasound propagation in agarose scaffold containing collagen or chondrocytes. J Acoust Soc Am. 2016 Jul;140(1):1. doi: 10.1121/1.4953021.

  9. Linder H, Malo MK, Liukkonen J, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Phased-array ultrasound technology enhances accuracy of dual frequency ultrasound measurements - towards improved ultrasound bone diagnostics. J Med Eng Technol. 2016 Aug;40(6):293-7. doi: 10.1080/03091902.2016.1185472. Epub

  10. Eneh CT, Malo MK, Karjalainen JP, Liukkonen J, Toyras J and Jurvelin JS. Effect of porosity, tissue density, and mechanical properties on radial sound speed in human cortical bone. Med Phys. 2016 May;43(5):2030. doi: 10.1118/1.4942808.

  11. Mannicke N, Schone M, Liukkonen J, Fachet D, Inkinen S, Malo MK, Oelze ML, Toyras J, Jurvelin JS and Raum K. Species-Independent Modeling of High-Frequency Ultrasound Backscatter in Hyaline Cartilage. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2016 Jun;42(6):1375-84. doi:

  12. Eneh CT, Liukkonen J, Malo MK, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Inter-individual changes in cortical bone three-dimensional microstructure and elastic coefficient have opposite effects on radial sound speed. J Acoust Soc Am. 2015 Dec;138(6):3491-9. doi: 10.1121/1.4934276.

  13. Ojanen X, Isaksson H, Toyras J, Turunen MJ, Malo MK, Halvari A and Jurvelin JS. Relationships between tissue composition and viscoelastic properties in human trabecular bone. J Biomech. 2015 Jan 21;48(2):269-75. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.11.034. Epub

  14. Florea C, Malo MK, Rautiainen J, Makela JT, Fick JM, Nieminen MT, Jurvelin JS, Davidescu A and Korhonen RK. Alterations in subchondral bone plate, trabecular bone and articular cartilage properties of rabbit femoral condyles at 4 weeks after anterior cruciate ligament transection. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2015 Mar;23(3):414-22. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2014.11.023.

  15. Malo MK, Toyras J, Karjalainen JP, Isaksson H, Riekkinen O and Jurvelin JS. Ultrasound backscatter measurements of intact human proximal femurs--relationships of ultrasound parameters with tissue structure and mineral density. Bone. 2014 Jul;64:240-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2014.04.014. Epub 2014 Apr 24.

  16. Tong XY, Malo M, Tamminen IS, Isaksson H, Jurvelin JS and Kroger H. Development of new criteria for cortical bone histomorphometry in femoral neck: intra- and inter-observer reproducibility. J Bone Miner Metab. 2015 Jan;33(1):109-18. doi: 10.1007/s00774-014-0562-1. Epub

  17. Malo MK, Rohrbach D, Isaksson H, Toyras J, Jurvelin JS, Tamminen IS, Kroger H and Raum K. Longitudinal elastic properties and porosity of cortical bone tissue vary with age in human proximal femur. Bone. 2013 Apr;53(2):451-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2013.01.015. Epub 2013 Jan 17.

  18. Malo MK, Karjalainen JP, Riekkinen O, Isaksson H, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Effects of non-optimal focusing on dual-frequency ultrasound measurements of bone. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2011 Jun;58(6):1182-8. doi:

  19. Malo MK, Karjalainen JP, Isaksson H, Riekkinen O, Jurvelin JS and Toyras J. Numerical analysis of uncertainties in dual frequency bone ultrasound technique. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2010 Feb;36(2):288-94. doi:

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